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Whooping Crane migration is underway in central Kansas
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Quivira National Wildlife Refuge staff members were surprised on Saturday to find that a pair of adult Whooping Cranes briefly visited Little Salt Marsh on the migration route southward. This is the third-earliest fall migration occurrence at Quivira, and only the fourth time in history that Whooping Cranes have arrived prior to Oct. 15. Annually each fall, a few dozen of these rare birds are sighted at Quivira. The earliest record occurred in 2000, when a pair stopped at the Refuge on Oct. 6.  
It is possible for visitors to view them at or near Quivira from late October through November, but occurrences are not daily, and are scattered over several weeks. Whooping Cranes use Quivira’s open salt flats and wetlands to roost during their visits, but each group typically doesn’t stay more than a day or two, with many just stopping overnight. Group size averages 2-5 birds. Your best chance to find them at Quivira is at either dusk or dawn, and most often at either Little Salt Marsh, at Quivira’s south end, or at the north end of the Refuge in the area of Big Salt Marsh.
The Whooping Crane is the tallest bird species in North America, standing nearly 5 feet tall. Adults are pure white, with dark legs and bill, and a dark red cap and “moustache”. In flight, the trailing edges of the outer half of the wings are black. They do not swim nor perch in trees. Young birds, hatched the previous summer in Canada, are similar in size to the adults, but very rusty-brown in color.
If you see what you believe to be Whooping Cranes, take careful note of the specific location, date, and time, as well as a physical description of the birds and their behavior. Keep a minimum of one half mile distance from them, and do not try to approach them on foot. If you observe them from a vehicle, please remain in your vehicle. Report any sighting as soon as possible to Quivira National Wildlife Refuge.
To report a Whooping Crane sighting, or to find out more information about the birds, check the “Whooping Crane Page” on Quivira’s website (, or call the Refuge at 620-486-2393. A table of the latest Whooping Crane sightings can be viewed on the website.